ULwesihlanu, February 23, 2024
IkhayaUkuziphatha kwenjaUkuqonda Ukuziphatha Kwezinja: Ukuqeqeshwa Okubalulekile Kwabahlinzeki Bezempilo

Ukuqonda Ukuziphatha Kwezinja: Ukuqeqeshwa Okubalulekile Kwabahlinzeki Bezempilo

Kugcine ukubuyekezwa ngo-Okthoba 16, 2023 ngu Izinja Vets

Ukuqonda Ukuziphatha Kwezinja: Ukuqeqeshwa Okubalulekile Kwabahlinzeki Bezempilo

 

Isingeniso

Izinja zingesinye sezilwane ezifuywayo ezaziwa kakhulu emhlabeni wonke, nge-over Izinja eziyizigidi ezingama-90 ukuhlala emakhaya e-United States kuphela. Njengoba izinja zanda kakhulu njengezilwane ezifuywayo zomndeni, abahlinzeki bezempilo baxhumana nazo kaningi kuzilungiselelo zezokwelapha kanye nokuvakasha ekhaya.

Kodwa-ke, abahlinzeki bezempilo abaningi banolwazi olulinganiselwe mayelana nokuziphatha kwezinja nokuxhumana. Lokhu kungaholela ekungaqondini nasezimeni ezingaba yingozi lapho uxhumana nezinja.

Ngokusho kocwaningo lwakamuva, ngaphezulu abantu abayizigidi ezingu-4.5 alunywe yizinja unyaka ngamunye e-US, amakhulu ezinkulungwane adinga ukwelashwa. Abahlinzeki bezempilo, okuhlanganisa odokotela, abahlengikazi, odokotela bezilwane nabasizi bezempilo basekhaya, basengozini yokulunywa yizinja lapho bevakashele iziguli. 

Ukuqonda izinto eziyisisekelo zokuziphatha kwezinja nokufunda imikhuba ephephile yokuxhumana nezinja amakhono abalulekile kubasebenzi bezokunakekelwa kwempilo ukuvimbela ukulunywa kanye nokuthuthukisa okuhlangenwe nakho nezilwane ezifuywayo nabanikazi.

Lesi sihloko sizohlinzeka ngokubukezwa kolwazi olubalulekile lokuziphatha kwezinja okufanele wonke umhlinzeki wezempilo abe nalo. Sizofaka izisekelo zokuxhumana kwe-canine, izimbangela zobudlova, kanye nemikhuba engcono kakhulu yokuxhumana nezinja ngokuphepha. 

Ukuthola ulwazi olusebenzayo lokuziphatha kwezinja kuyisihluthulelo kubasebenzi bezempilo ukuze banikeze ukunakekelwa kwesiguli okuhle kakhulu kuyilapho bevikela ukuphepha kwabo eduze kwezilwane ezifuywayo.

Izisekelo Zokuziphatha Kwezinja

Ukuze uhlanganyele ngokuphepha nangempumelelo nezinja, abahlinzeki bezempilo badinga ukuqonda ezinye zezinto eziyisisekelo mayelana nokuziphatha kwe-canine nokuxhumana. Izinja zinemizwa engokwemvelo eyingqayizivele, izindlela zokuxhumana, kanye nezidingo uma kuziwa ekuhlanganyeleni.

Enye yezimfanelo eziyinhloko zezinja imvelo yazo yokuvikela indawo yazo kanye namalungu omndeni. Izinja zivela ezimpisini, ezazinomqondo oqinile wephakethe kanye nemingcele yendawo. 

Lokhu kusho ukuthi izinja zingase zibonise ukuziphatha okunolaka, njengokukhonkotha, ukugquma, noma ukuluma, uma zizwa ukuthi indawo yazo isongelwa isigebengu.

Abahlinzeki bezempilo abangena ekhaya lesiguli kufanele bakwenze lokho ngendlela ezolile, engasongeli ukuze bagweme ukubangela le mpendulo yendawo. Izinja ngokuyinhloko zixhumana ngolimi lomzimba namazwi. 

Ukuqonda izimpawu zolaka, ingcindezi, noma ukwesaba olimini lomzimba wenja, njengomsila oqinile noma izindlebe eziyisicaba, kungasiza abasebenzi bezempilo bagweme ukungqubuzana.

Amagama afana nokugquma noma ukukhonkotha nawo angadlulisela imilayezo ebalulekile. Ukufunda ukuhumusha amagama ayisisekelo kuyikhono elibalulekile.

Ukuhlalisana kwabantu nokuqeqeshwa okuhle nakho kubalulekile ezinja ukuze zifunde ukuxhumana ngendlela efanele nabantu nezinye izilwane. Ukuchitha isikhathi eduze kwabantu abahlukahlukene besebancane kusiza izinja ukuthi zihlalisane. Ukuhlalisana ngendlela efanele kanye nokuqeqeshwa kubenza bangabi namathuba okukhombisa ulaka olungadingekile kamuva ekuphileni.

Ukwazi izinto eziyisisekelo ezifana nalezi kuvumela abahlinzeki bezempilo ukuthi bazizwe bezethemba ngokwengeziwe lapho bexhumana nezinja futhi babone izimo ezingaba yingozi. Ukwengeza, abasebenzi bezempilo kufanele bathathe ukuqeqeshwa ngosizo lokuqala oluyisisekelo kanye nokusekela ukuphila, njengoba besengozini enkulu yokulimala okungenzeka. 

Ngesisekelo esifanele solwazi lokuziphatha kwenja kanye namakhono okwelapha ukuluma, abasebenzi bezempilo bangakwazi ukusiza ngokuphepha nangempumelelo iziguli ngezilwane ezifuywayo.

Ukubaluleka Kokuqonda Ukuziphatha Kwezinja Kwabahlinzeki Bezempilo

Akubona abathandi bezilwane kuphela nabaqeqeshi okudingeka baqonde ukuziphatha kwezinja - lolu lwazi lubalulekile nakubasebenzi bezempilo. Kunezizathu ezimbalwa zokuthi kungani abahlinzeki bezokunakekelwa kwempilo, njengodokotela, abahlengikazi, nabasizi bezempilo basekhaya, badinga ulwazi olusebenzayo lokuziphatha kwezinja emisebenzini yabo.

Okokuqala, ukuqonda ulimi lomzimba wenja kanye nezimpawu eziyisixwayiso zolaka kungasiza abasebenzi bezempilo bagweme ukulunywa yizinja noma ukuhlaselwa, okuyizehlakalo ezivamile ngeshwa.

Ukubona izimpawu ezicashile zokucindezeleka ezinjeni kuvumela abasebenzi ukuthi banciphise izimo ngaphambi kokuba kulume. Lokhu kuvikela kokubili umhlinzeki wezempilo kanye nenja ekulimaleni.

Ukwengeza, ukuba nolwazi olusemuva mayelana nendawo yezinja, ukuhlalisana kwabantu, nokuxhumana kuvumela abasebenzi bezempilo ukuthi baxhumane kahle nezilwane ezifuywayo lapho bengena ekhaya lesiguli. Bangakwazi ukugwema izibangeli ezingase zibangele ukusabela okunolaka futhi zenze inja izizwe ikhululekile futhi ikhululekile. Lokhu kusiza indawo ephephile yokuhlinzeka ngokunakekelwa kwezokwelapha.

Okokugcina, ukuqonda ukuziphatha kwezinja kuthuthukisa okuhlangenwe nakho kokunakekelwa kwesiguli kanye nemiphumela.

Iziguli zizwa ukwethenjwa nokwaneliseka okwengeziwe lapho isilwane sazo esithandekayo siphathwa ngendlela enobuntu nangendlela efanele abahlinzeki bezempilo. Ulwazi olungcono lokuziphatha kwezinja luholela ekuvakasheni okungenangcindezi kuzo zombili iziguli nezilwane ezifuywayo.

Kafushane, abasebenzi bezokunakekelwa kwempilo badinga ulwazi olusebenzayo lokuziphatha kwezinja, njengoba bevame ukuhlangana nezilwane ezifuywayo zeziguli ngesikhathi sokuvakasha emakhaya noma emahhovisi ezokwelapha.

Ukuqonda izimiso ezibalulekile zokuziphatha kwe-canine nokuxhumana kugcina abasebenzi bezempilo bephephile, kuthuthukisa ukwaneliseka kwesiguli, futhi kuholela ekuhlangenwe nakho okuhle kakhulu kubo bonke.

Ukuqeqeshwa Nemfundo Yabahlinzeki Bezempilo

Ukuze uqonde kahle ukuziphatha kwezinja, abahlinzeki bezempilo badinga ukufinyelela ekuqeqeshweni okuphumelelayo namathuba emfundo. Kunezinhlobonhlobo zezinketho ezitholakalayo zabasebenzi bezokunakekelwa kwempilo ukuze bafunde mayelana nemibono yokuziphatha kwezinja nezinqubo zokuphepha.

Izinhlangano eziningi zinikeza amasemina nezinkundla zokucobelelana ngolwazi ezigxile kakhulu ekuziphatheni kwezinja kanye nokuvimbela ukulunywa kwabahlinzeki bezempilo abasebenza emkhakheni wezempilo wasekhaya.

Lezi zikhathi eziqinile zisebenzisa imiboniso nezinja eziphilayo ukuze zifundise abasebenzi ukuthi bahumusha kanjani ulimi lomzimba futhi benze ngokuphepha eduze kwezilwane ezifuywayo.

Izikhungo zokunakekelwa kwempilo nazo zingaletha abaqeqeshi bezinja abangochwepheshe ukuze bahlinzeke ngokuziphatha endaweni kanye nemfundo yokuphatha kubasebenzi babo. Lokhu kuqeqeshwa kwangaphakathi kuvumela abasebenzi ukuthi babuze imibuzo futhi bathole ukuzijwayeza. Ezinye izikhungo zenza ukuqeqeshwa kokuziphatha kwezinja kube yisibopho kuzo zonke izindima zokunakekelwa kwezempilo ezibhekene nesiguli.

Izinhlelo zokunikeza izitifiketi ezisemthethweni zokuziphatha nokuqeqeshwa kwezinja nazo ziyatholakala ngezinhlangano ezifana ne-Certification Council for Professional Dog Trainers.

Nakuba isikhathi esiningi, lezi zinhlelo zinikeza abasebenzi bezempilo imfundo ejulile ngezimiso zokuziphatha kwe-canine, psychology, kanye nokuxhumana nabantu.

Ngokungeziwe ekuqeqesheni okwenziwa ngezandla, abasebenzi bezempilo bangathatha izifundo ze-inthanethi ukuze bafunde ngolimi lomzimba wenja, izinto ezibangela ulaka, ukuphepha kokulunywa, nezihloko ezihlobene. Imfundo eku-inthanethi inikeza ukuguquguquka kochwepheshe bezokwelapha abamatasa.

Kungakhathaliseki ukuthi bakhetha ukuphishekela kanjani, ukuqeqeshwa kokuziphatha kwezinja kufanele kuthathwe njengesidingo sabasebenzi bezempilo. Imfundo efanele ihumusha ekunakekelweni kwesiguli okuphephile futhi okusebenzayo.

Imikhuba Engcono Kakhulu Yabahlinzeki Bezempilo

Ngesisekelo esilungile solwazi lokuziphatha kwezinja, abahlinzeki bezempilo bangasebenzisa izindlela ezingcono kakhulu zokusebenzelana nezinja ngokuphephile phakathi nokuvakasha kwasekhaya nasezilungiselelweni zezokwelapha. Nawa amanye amathiphu abalulekile kubasebenzi bezempilo:

  • Ngena ezindlini noma emagumbini okuhlolwa ngomoya ophansi futhi kancane, ugwema ukuthintana ngqo nezinja. Yenza izethulo ezilwaneni ezifuywayo ngobumnene, uzivumele ukuthi zihogele isandla sakho ngaphambi kokuphulula.
  • Qaphela ngokucophelela izimpawu zengcindezi noma ulaka ezinjeni, njengokugwavuma, ukunyakazisa, noma umsila oqinile. Nika izinja isikhala uma zibonakala zingakhululekile.
  • Gwema izenzo ezingabonakala zisongela, njengokugoba izinja, ukugona, noma ukubamba ukhololo. Vumela izinja zisondele kuwe kuqala.
  • Letha ukudla okumnandi ukuze unikeze izinja ukuze uziphathe kahle. Nikeza imivuzo ngokulalela noma ukubekezelela izivivinyo.
  • Njalo thola imvume kubanikazi ngaphambi kokuxhumana nezinja. Landela noma yimiphi imiyalelo yokubamba umnikazi ayinikezayo.
  • Xoxa nganoma yikuphi ukukhathazeka mayelana nezilwane ezifuywayo nabanikazi ngaphambi kwesikhathi ngaphambi kokungena emakhaya.
  • Ungalokothi wethuse, ujezise, ​​noma ubambe inja ekhathazekile noma enolaka. Hoxisa futhi ubuyekeze isimo uma kudingeka.
  • Sebenzisa ukunyakaza okunensayo kanye nezwi elipholile nelinokuthula nxazonke zezinja. Funda ulimi lwabo lomzimba ukuze uthole imvume ngaphambi kokuthinta.
  • Gcina izinto zosizo lokuqala eziphuthumayo zisesandleni uma ulunywa. Yazi ukuthi ungazibamba kanjani izinja ngokuphepha uma kudingeka.

Ngokuqeqeshwa okufanele mayelana nokuziphatha kwezinja kanye nokuvimbela ukuluma, abasebenzi bezempilo bangasebenzisa lawa macebiso ukuze baxhumane nezinja eziphephile, ezingenaso ingcindezi. Lokhu kuzuzisa iziguli, izilwane ezifuywayo, kanye nabasebenzi ngokwabo.

Isiphetho

Njengoba izinja zivame kakhulu njengezilwane ezifuywayo zomndeni, ukuqonda ukuziphatha kwezinja kuyikhono elibalulekile kunoma yimuphi umhlinzeki wezempilo oxhumana neziguli nezilwane ezifuywayo.

Ulwazi oluyisisekelo lokuxhumana kwe-canine, ukuziphatha kwendawo, izidingo zomphakathi, kanye nezimbangela zobudlova kuvumela abasebenzi bezempilo ukuthi banikeze ukunakekelwa okuphephile nokuphumelela kakhudlwana. 

Amathuba emfundo nokuqeqeshwa okuphelele mayelana nemiqondo yokuziphatha kwezinja kufanele enziwe atholakale kuzo zonke izinhlobo zabasebenzi bezempilo, kusukela kodokotela nabahlengikazi kuya kwabasizi bezempilo basekhaya. 

Abasebenzi kufanele bafundiswe ukuthi bahumusha kanjani ulimi lomzimba, bagweme ukungqubuzana, futhi basebenzise imikhuba engcono kakhulu ezungeze izinja. Ngolwazi olulungile lokuziphatha kwenja, abahlinzeki bezempilo bangavimbela ukulunywa, banciphise izingozi, bathuthukise ukwaneliseka kwesiguli, futhi bathuthukise ikhono labo lokunakekela umndeni wonke.

Izenzo ezithathwa ngabasebenzi bezempilo mayelana nezinja zithinta ngqo imiphumela yempilo yabantu kanye nenhlalakahle yezilwane. Bonke abasebenzi bezempilo bafanelwe ithuba lokufunda amakhono adingekayo ukuze baxhumane ngokuphephile nangobuntu nabangane abathandekayo beziguli.

Ngemfundo efanele yokuziphatha kwezinja, ochwepheshe bezokwelapha bangaqhubeka nokunikeza ukunakekelwa kwekhwalithi ephezulu kuyilapho behlezi bephephile eduze kwezilwane ezifuywayo.

 

 

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