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Dog Care Advice

Dog Paws: All You Need To Know



Dog Paws: All You Need To Know

Last Updated on April 7, 2022 by Dogs Vets

Dog Paws: All You Need To Know

Dog paws are an essential part of their anatomy. They are important to a pup’s functionality and should not be neglected.

Just like human feet, they are unique and come in different sizes, shapes and colors. Some breeds’ paws are wide or narrow.

Another distinguishing factor is the hair between some toes and webs in others.

You can spot clear nails on breeds like German Shepherd, Labradors and greyhounds while breeds like Pug, Newfoundland, Doberman, and Black Russian Terrier have dark nails.

Not all dogs have dew-claws on their hind legs but then some do. Such characteristics vary from breed to breed, even dog to dog.

Why do dogs’ feet smell like Fritos?

Most dog’s feet tend to smell like Fritos corn chips. It’s largely because dogs come in contact with a lot of surfaces each day and can pick up and store bacteria on their paw pads.

Two called Pseudomonas and Proteus are the reason for the Fritos smell. They are activated when mixed with sweat from the paw pads and even saliva from licking their toes.

It is nothing to worry about, as our own feet also sweat and smell, however, if the smell bothers you or makes you uncomfortable, it can be reduced by simply washing your dogs’ feet regularly with a pet-friendly shampoo.

You also have to trim long hair between the toes as well, as long hair tends to encourage bacterial storage and growth.

Is it normal for dogs to lick and chew their paws?

Dogs lick their paws for a whole number of reasons, the commonest of them is self-grooming. Dogs can be quite hard to deal with when it comes to their paws, they will lick them once in a while to self-clean. This is absolutely normal.

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Where you may have a problem is when they lick them aggressively or frequently. It is usually the indicator of a health or behavioral issue. It could be a reaction to paw irritations, allergies, dry skin, arthritis, injuries, a growth, cyst or tumor, and, or external parasitic infections. In such cases, it is best to see a vet.

Dog paw anatomy


A dog’s paw has five basic components:

  • The digital pads. They are also known as paw pads or toe pads and are located on each of the dog’s four toes. They function as load bearers and help the dog’s bones and joints absorb shock from surfaces.


  • Metacarpal and metatarsal pads. They are the largest paw pads on a dog’s forelegs and hind legs respectively. These pads are located at the center of the dog’s paw and are usually heart-shaped. They also act as load bearers and shock absorbers like digital pads.


  • Claws. You can also call them dog nails. They grow at the end of each toe. They create traction and play an important role in a dog’s grip, helping him dig or tear at his prey.


  • Dewclaws. A dewclaw is like an extra toe that appears just a little bit higher than the rest of your dog’s digits. They are usually on the forelegs of a pup but sometimes appear on the hind legs. A dewclaw helps dogs grip objects with their paws or climb trees. It also provides extra traction and stability to the wrist joint.


  • Carpal pads. They are cone-shaped, covered in thick skin and are located just above the dewclaw. They aid a dog’s balance and are instrumental when a dog slows down skids or stops. Paw pads also serve as insulators for dogs’ feet, particularly during extreme weather. They also grow tougher with use and greatly aid dogs in adapting to their environment.

Dog Paws difference


Dogs have three different types of paws according to shape. They are:


1. Cat Feet

These types of feet closely resemble a cat’s. It is characterized by non-retractable claws, small round paws and high-arched toes that are bunched closely together. The key pro of the cat feet is the endurance and stability it gives to dogs. That is why it is usually found in working dogs.

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This type of paw can be found in the Kuvasz, the Giant Schnauzer, the Doberman Pinscher, the Akita, and the Newfoundland amongst other dogs.

2. Hare Feet

It is characterized by two longer centre toes like the feet of an actual hare. The advantage of this paw shape is explosive speed, especially over short distances.

This kind of paw can be found in breeds like Greyhounds, Samoyeds,  Australian shepherds and standard Poodles. 

3. Webbed Feet.

Even though most dogs’ feet are somewhat webbed, proper webbed feet are characterized by extra skin between the toes. Such dogs are well suited to work in or around water. They are bred for majorly swimming, hunting and retrieving. 

Dogs like the Newfoundland, Portuguese water dog,  Dachshunds and Retrievers like the Labrador all have webbed feet.


Healthy Vs Unhealthy Dog Paws

Dog paws are as sensitive as human feet and require proper maintenance to function optimally. Not tending to your dog’s paws will increase its vulnerability, risk of injury, infection and even invasion by parasites.

A healthy paw is usually smooth to the touch and free of abrasions. Rough, dry paw pads are unhealthy and uncomfortable.

To ensure paw health, owners should regularly check their dogs’ paws for the following:

  • Swelling of the toes, which can be a sign of injury or bacterial infection.


  • Chipped, broken, overgrown, or ingrown nails. These can be very painful for dogs and increase the risk of disease. Visit a vet if your dog has a serious nail break.


  • Cracked paws, bleeding, crusty, red or peeling paws are very uncomfortable for pups and can cause excessive licking, which will ultimately worsen the problem.


  • Blisters or burns. These are usually caused by the pet’s environment. For example, hot asphalt, or uneven surfaces. 

It is also important to watch out for excessive licking or chewing of paws. This usually indicates dry skin, discomfort, irritation, allergies and a whole number of other disease possibilities such as a bacterial or yeast infection

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Paw Maintenance


Here are a few tips to help you maintain or improve your dog’s paw health:

1. Regularly check your dog’s paws for signs of ill health or foreign objects.

Do this by gently spreading the paw and carefully checking between each toe and paw pads. Use a pair of tweezers to remove objects lodged in the paw.

2. Trimming your dog’s nails and paw hair regularly. 

Overgrown nails could harm your dog so make sure to trim them every 3-4 weeks. Using a dog nail grinder is recommended, especially for dogs with black nails because it helps you take off a little at a time. You should also cut off long hair between the toes that may pick up dirt and debris.

3. Wash your dog’s paws in warm water and towel dry immediately after a walk.

This helps you get rid of the bacteria or dirt that they may have picked up on the way.

4. Avoid exposing your dog’s paw to harsh elements or extreme temperatures.

A dog’s paw’s optimum temperature is 65-75 degrees. Don’t allow them to walk on hot asphalt as it could burn their feet. During winter, you could also use booties or paw waxes to keep their paws warm.

5. Moisture your dog’s foot regularly, especially in cases of dry paws. Use a pet-friendly moisturizer, not a human one.

6. Engage them with some outdoor exercises to help toughen their paw pads and aid them in adapting to their environment.


Caring for your dog’s paw may seem difficult but by following these tips, it’ll definitely be clearer and less stressful. It is also important to schedule visits to the vet at least quarterly or once every four months. This will help your dog stay in top shape all year long. 

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Dog Care Advice

How to Calm a Restless Dog at Night



How to Calm a Restless Dog at Night

Last Updated on June 13, 2024 by Dogs Vets

Dogs are often referred to as a man’s most loyal friend. They bring you joy in ways no one else can. But how do we take care of them? What to feed them? How to calm a restless dog at night? These are some very common questions that dog parents often have. 

Well, there are multiple ways to help your dog overcome its restlessness. These include making it exercise, giving it a little treat, massaging its back, and giving it CBD.

Understanding how to calm your dog down is vital, especially at night. These simple methods can greatly improve your pet’s mental health. 


Why Do Dogs Get Restless?

There can be multiple reasons why your dog might feel this emotion, especially at night. 

Your dog may be feeling some sort of fear. It is very important for a pet to feel that he or she is in a safe environment and can go to sleep without any worries. This generally happens if your dog recently had a scary encounter.

how to calm a Restless Dog at Night

Often, dogs are seen panting only to cool themselves down a bit. So, the temperature at which your pet is located also determines its restlessness. But this painting can sometimes signify something more serious than mere heat.

Another reason your dog might feel restless is boredom or uncomfortable aches. 

Calming your dog down cannot always be easy. Are you not sure how to calm a restless dog at night? Don’t worry; we have you covered!

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CBD for pets by Weedness offers high-quality CBD oils to enhance your pet’s well-being. Benefits include reduced stress, improved joint function, and overall health. Suitable for dogs and cats, these oils are easy to administer and can be mixed with food. Consult a vet for proper dosage.


There are other ways to tackle this issue; let’s discuss them: 

Give a Treat

Treats are always a dog’s best friend. A bedtime snack is always a good option. These small chunks are what make them happy and wiggle their tail.

Your pet will look forward to a snack before bed every night. But don’t try to overcompensate with these treats. Make sure to give them a limit. Your pet should continue valuing those snacks.

Safe Sleeping Environment

Your dog might get anxious at night because it feels unsafe in bed. Your dog must have a fixed place to sleep every night, and a change of bed or room all the time can lead to anxiety for pets. 

Dog sleeping at Night

Be around your dog as they sleep; this makes them feel safe. It also affects their sleeping pattern, which has a direct impact on their restlessness.



Being physically active and exercising is as important for dogs as it is for any other human. Your dog must be active during the day to drain their energy and be tired and lazy by the night. 

Take them for regular walks, play with them, and make them play with their toys!

Be Around Your Pet

As pet parents, you must ensure your dog is not alone for too long at a stretch. This way, they end up feeling lonely and might develop separation anxiety. 

When you are around them, they feel safe; they know that no harm can be caused. Be around them as they sleep at night. You can simply set their bed up in the same room as yours, making them feel comfortable and safe. 

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Do you love massages? Are they hug stress relievers for you? Well, dogs have more similarities to humans than you can imagine. They love getting massages as much as you do. Massages play a major role in helping them get over their restless emotions. 

Even a ten-minute massage before bed can do wonders for them. Start with the neck and then find your way down.

Make sure to remember that ling strokes are their favorite!


Bathroom Before Bed

A dog might feel extremely anxious if it doesn’t go to the bathroom before bed. Hence, before it starts feeling like it has to go out, you should ensure it already does that before bed. 

This helps them sleep faster and avoid bad dreams.

Same Routine

A regular change in your dog’s routine can be a huge reason for his or her restlessness. Try to keep the dog’s meal timing, bathroom time, and playtime the same every day. Regularly changing the dog’s schedule makes each day unpredictable.

Sticking to the same routine will help them get used to it and know what’s to come next. They should also know their sleep time in advance to avoid nighttime restlessness.


If none of these methods work well for your dog, you might want to consult a vet. Dogs can sometimes develop anxiety issues like humans, which might have to be treated medically. 

Your vet might prescribe the pet a medication that has to be given every night before bed. 

But, this is generally for older dogs or dogs with specially-abled dogs. Or, it could be because your dog is feeling some physical pain, for which, again, you might have to consult the vet and start your pet’s medication.

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Why is my dog restless at night all of a sudden?

There can be multiple reasons why your dog might be feeling restless at night. They could be scared of something, have had a bad dream, or be sick. 

How do I get my dog to stop pacing at night?

The best way to do this is to have a similar routine for the dog every day. Get them used to it so they know what’s next. They should know when they are up for a walk or bedtime.

Why is my dog not comfortable at night?

The most common reasons why a dog might not feel comfortable at night are anxiety, restlessness, dementia, joint pain, etc.

What time should dogs go to bed?

There is no hard and fast rule about when a dog should go to bed. However, it has a similar day pattern, which is more important. Generally, pet owners get their dogs to sleep between 9 p.m. and midnight.


Dogs are as much living creatures as humans are. They face similar emotions as you do. It is very common for dogs to get restless during the night time. Hence, learning to calm a restless dog at night is vital for pet parents. It can be done easily by simply giving them extra time during the night. 

However, they might only need medical aid to control their restless behavior under certain special circumstances. It is usually nothing to worry about, but it is always good to take precautions.



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Dog Care Advice

Flying with Pets: Tips for Vacationing Safely with Your Dog



Flying with Pets: Tips for Vacationing Safely with Your Dog

Last Updated on June 11, 2024 by Dogs Vets

When people choose to take their dogs on a vacation, it can be a joyful experience but remember, it needs good planning. As the number of pet parents who bring along their furry buddies for travel keeps increasing, it is crucial to comprehend the rules and factors regarding flying with dogs. 

This blog post will present a detailed guide that guarantees an effortless and secure trip for both you and your furry friend, from handling airline policies to preparing your dog for the flight and looking after them on the flight.

By following these steps carefully, you can make a wonderful travel experience that is free from tension for you and your pet dog.


Pre-Flight Prep: Get Ready Before Take-Off

For many travelers, the true joy of a trip lies not just in the final destination, but in the journey itself. This sentiment holds especially true when you have your beloved pet accompanying you. However, to ensure your journey is a positive and seamless experience for both you and your furry friend, some advance preparation is essential. 

First off, make sure you book your flight promptly. While there isn’t a best day to book flights it’s still important to consider how certain flight times align with your timetable and may affect your dog’s state.

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If you can, select direct flights because they cut down on stress for both of you by decreasing travel duration and exposure to new surroundings. 

Usually, fewer people travel during the weekdays, which makes it more peaceful for dogs who might be sensitive or anxious around crowded situations. Also, consider the heat. You should not plan flights for your dog in the cargo hold during very hot summer or extremely cold winter months because conditions there can be harsh.

By employing a well-considered approach to booking flights, significant cost savings can be achieved. These financial advantages can then be allocated to support your travel budget, thereby enriching your overall experience at the chosen destination.


Check Policies on Pets

Know that each airline has its own way of allowing pets to fly. Learn about the fees they charge for pets, how big or heavy a pet can be for in-cabin or cargo hold travel, and what documents are required. Also, look at the rules about bringing pets into the country you are going to.

Before you start your travel, make sure your dog sees their vet first. Schedule a visit to the vet, ideally one month before traveling, to update all required vaccinations and discuss concerns related to flying on an airplane. When everything checks out, think of the carrier options

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Choose a carrier that’s comfortable and safe for your pet, as well as promotes airflow during the flight. Also, look for one that adheres to the size regulations of the airline and allows your dog to stand up, move around comfortably, and lie down. Consider placing some familiar bedding or a loved toy inside so it feels secure when traveling.


Navigating Airline Size and Weight Restrictions

When it comes to bringing your dog on a flight, the key factor to consider is whether they can fit comfortably in an airline-approved carrier that can be stored under the seat in front of you.

Most airlines have a general weight limit of around 20 pounds for in-cabin pet travel. However, it’s important to note that the exact dimensions of the under-seat space can vary depending on the aircraft type. 

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Airport Day Essentials: A Stress-Free Departure

Often, airport security lines and pet check-in procedures can take quite some time. Make sure to arrive at the airport at least two hours before your flight starts so you have a relaxed and hassle-free experience.


  • Hydration is important: Keep away food from four to six hours before the flight, but give small amounts of water so your doggo doesn’t get dehydrated. Airlines usually have water bowls inside the pet section in the cargo area, but still think about using a no-spill travel dish for pets when flying in-cabin.
  • Smells and comforting things: Put an old shirt or familiar blanket that has your smell in the carrier to induce relaxation during the flight. Do not add new toys or snacks because they can upset the stomach.
  • Pre-board with ease: You can ask for early boarding, which lets you prepare your dog in the carrier before more people come. It could assist in reducing stress when boarding.
  • Stay relaxed and confident: Animals can sense nervousness, so make sure you stay calm and confident. Take deep breaths, feeling comfortable yourself while focusing on providing comfort to your pet.
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The Wrap-Up

Dogs can become weary from traveling. Give your dog plenty of rest and allow time for them to get used to the fresh surroundings. Keep their routine similar, especially with meals and walks. Now that you’ve arrived at your destination, it’s time for you and your pooch to create lasting memories.

When you apply these suggestions and arrange things in advance, a safe and pleasant flying journey is possible for your dog and yourself. 




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Dog behavior

Train Your Pet Like a Pro: Insider Secrets for Effective Training



Train Your Pet Like a Pro: Insider Secrets for Effective Training
Train Your Pet Like a Pro: Insider Secrets for Effective Training

Last Updated on June 7, 2024 by Dog Lover

Train Your Pet Like a Pro: Insider Secrets for Effective Training

5 min read
Unleash pro pet training tips and techniques to tackle all types of pet behavior. Train like a pro!

Effective Pet Training Methods

Hey there, fellow pet lover! Training your pet can be a game-changer for both you and your furry buddy. With the right approach, you can teach your pet to behave like a champ while steering them away from those pesky habits.

Let’s dive into two super effective methods: positive reinforcement and keeping things consistent.

Positive Reinforcement Training

Positive reinforcement is like the magic wand of pet training. It’s all about rewarding your pet for doing something right, making them want to do it again. Think of it as giving your pet a high-five with a treat or a toy.

The trick is to reward them right away—like, within seconds—so they know exactly what they did to earn that reward.

You can use positive reinforcement to teach commands and encourage good behavior. Just be careful not to accidentally reward the wrong actions. Sometimes, you might need to break down the behavior into smaller steps to get the result you want (Humane Society).

Why is positive reinforcement better than other methods? Well, using punishment or negative reinforcement can make your pet scared or anxious, and nobody wants that.

You can use all sorts of rewards—treats, toys, or even just a good belly rub. These rewards help your pet connect the dots between the command and the action (Quora).

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For more tips, check out our positive reinforcement training guide.

Consistency in Cues and Rewards

Consistency is your best friend when it comes to pet training. Using the same commands and rewards every time your pet does something right helps them understand what you want.

For example, if you’re teaching your dog to sit, always use the word “sit” and give them a treat right after they do it. This way, your dog learns that “sit” means plopping their butt down and getting a treat.

The more consistent you are, the faster your pet will catch on. It’s like learning a new language—repetition is key. For more training tips, check out our general pet training guide.

So, there you have it! With positive reinforcement and a bit of consistency, you’ll have a well-behaved pet in no time. Happy training!

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Training Tips for Your Furry Friends

Every pet has its quirks, especially when it comes to training. This is super true for older and senior dogs, who might need a bit more TLC due to their age and physical limits.

Training Older Dogs

Yes, you can teach an old dog new tricks! Training can keep their minds sharp and spirits high. But, you gotta match the training to their physical abilities.

According to McCann Dogs, older dogs thrive in low-key, low-impact classes like rally, obedience, scent work, or tracking. Agility can work too, but keep jumps and impacts gentle.

Watch their energy levels. Older dogs might still be game for learning and playing, but they tire out faster than the young pups. Overdoing it can lead to soreness or fatigue. Keep an eye on how they respond and tweak the training time and intensity as needed.

Training Senior Dogs

Senior dogs have their own set of challenges, like declining vision or hearing. Adjust their training environment to keep things comfy and safe. Focus on fun and bonding activities that your senior dog enjoys. Avoid stress or demands that could strain your relationship.

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Training should be about having a good time together. These golden years can be some of the best times you share. Patience, understanding, and a positive vibe are your best tools for successful training.

For more tips on pet training, check out our general pet training resources. You can also enroll in online pet training courses or pet obedience classes for personalized help from a professional pet trainer.

Tackling Pet Behavior Problems

Training your pet isn’t just about teaching tricks. It’s about understanding their quirks and figuring out how to handle behavioral hiccups.

Let’s chat about two biggies: dominance in dogs and aggression in pets.

Dominance in Dogs

Dominance in dogs is all about who’s the boss in their social circle. Some dogs like to take charge, and this can be influenced by their personality, age, breed, and even the situation they’re in.

But hey, dominance doesn’t always mean your dog is aggressive. Sometimes, it’s just them being a bit stubborn or pushy, a throwback to their pack animal roots.

To keep dominance in check, use positive reinforcement and stick to the rules. If things get tricky, a professional pet trainer can be a lifesaver.

Handling Pet Aggression

Aggression in pets can pop up for different reasons. Maybe it’s a dominance thing, or maybe your pet feels their space is being invaded. Growling or snapping at strangers?

That’s a sign they’re not feeling secure. Building a strong bond with your pet and making them feel safe can nip these issues in the bud.

Common causes of bad behavior? Wrong punishments and inconsistent training. So, make sure you’re using the right training methods and sticking to them.

Patience is key here. Fixing these issues takes time and understanding. For more tips, check out online pet training courses or join pet obedience classes.

Train Your Pet Like a Pro: Insider Secrets for Effective Training

pet training

Practical Tips for Successful Training

Training your pet can be a blast and a great way to bond. Whether you’ve got a dog, cat, or even a fish, some tips work across the board. Let’s dive into some practical advice for making pet training a success.

Key Commands for Dogs

According to Petmate, the top 10 commands that make life with your dog smoother are: Come, Sit, Down, Place, Stay, Heel, Kennel, Leave it, Drop it, and Watch me.

The secret sauce here is consistency and regular practice. For a deeper look at these commands, check out our basic obedience commands page.

Positive reinforcement is the name of the game. Reward your dog every time they nail a command until they get the hang of it. As they get better, you can ease up on the treats. This way, they associate good behavior with good things happening.

Starting Early and Repetition

Experts say start training in a quiet room with no distractions. Use a clicker if you need to, have treats and toys handy, and decide on your verbal cues and hand signals. Patience and consistency are your best friends here.

For puppies, start as soon as you bring them home. Basic commands like sit and stay can be taught as early as 8 weeks. For adult dogs, start training right away to build trust and make them feel at home.

Repetition is key. The more your pet practices, the better they’ll remember. Combine this with positive reinforcement, and you’ve got a winning formula for shaping your pet’s behavior.

Follow these tips, and you’ll be on your way to a well-trained pet. Whether it’s a puppy, an older dog, a cat, or even a fish, patience and consistency are crucial. Happy training! For more info, check out our general pet training page.

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