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What is dog smegma? Symptoms + Treatment (10 things you should know)

Last Updated on May 19, 2021 by Dogs Vets

Smegma in Dogs, Symptoms, and Treatment


Dog smegma is an odd feeling for pet lovers and dog owners, especially when they spot that on their dog penis. Still, it is essential to know what kind of dog smegma affects your dog. 

Moreover, this kind of condition gives pet lovers and dog owners a strange sensation, especially when they spot it on their dog’s penis. Still, it’s pretty essential to know what it is and what kind of sensation or irritation your dog is going through.

what Causes Dog Smegma


Let’s explore more about dog smegma cleaning, treatment, and prevention methods.


What is dog smegma?

Dog Smegma is a substance composed of oil and dead skin cells, and yellow or green pus that can sometimes be found leaking from a dog’s penis.

Although this discharge is normal and rarely a cause for concern, you may want to check with your veterinarian if your pet is constantly licking his genital area.

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First, to determine when something has gone wrong, it is essential to know what is expected when it comes to your dog’s penis.

However, suppose your dog regularly licks his genital area, especially if he is not neutered. In some situations, it is more advisable to take your dog to the nearest veterinarian to be examined by him.


What Causes Dog Smegma?

On the outer side of your dog’s penis, you will find a thin outer layer called sheath – the skin and other tissues surrounding the penis, if not erect.

One point we have to make is that a healthy penis is both pink or could be reddish.

It is mainly caused by the covering mucous membrane on the dog’s private part. Occasionally, at the inception of the prepuce at the end of your dog’s penis, a tiny amount of yellow liquid or greenish and colored discharge may collect.

It is known as smegma and is very common in healthy dogs.


Is my dog’s penis infected?

Pet owners often worry that their dog’s penis is infected. Sometimes what you might think is pus – a sign of infection – is just normal smegma.

Even healthy dogs produce a surprising amount of smegma and often lick their penis to remove it.

However, drainage from the foreskin and excessive licking is also the most common symptoms of penile and/or sheath infections, so determining what is normal and potentially problematic can be difficult.

Do not hesitate always to schedule an appointment with your veterinarian if:

  1. Your dog licks his penis more than he usually does
  2. Your dog seems listless or otherwise ill.
  3. The discharge has increased in amount or change in color.


Why does my dog lick his penis?

A dog will lick his penis from time to time to keep it clean and healthy, or probably just because it feels good.

Some dogs could lick practically self-stimulate in other ways to the point where they get erections, even when neutered. It’s best to overlook this behavior unless you also notice problems with your dog’s penis or changes in his overall health.

Excessive licking, especially when associated with symptoms such as increased drainage, pain, or lethargy, could also be a sign of an infection, injury, or other conditions affecting your dog’s urinary or reproductive tract infection.

Remember always to call your veterinarian if you have any concerns.


Why is blood always coming out from my dog’s penis?

Blood can be seen coming from a dog’s penis due to injuries to the penis or foreskin, conditions affecting the urinary tract (infections, tumors, bladder stones, etc.), Blood clotting disorders, and prostate gland disease.

The most likely obvious causes of bloody discharge from the penis in an unneutered dog are benign prostatic hypertrophy (BPH), a non-cancerous enlargement of the dog’s prostate gland with testosterone exposure.

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A veterinarian can often determine if a dog has BPH by feeling the prostate gland during a rectal exam. Spaying will cure most cases of canine BPH.

A veterinarian should evaluate any dog that has blood coming from its penis.

what is dog smegma


Why is my dog’s penis blocked?

Dogs will have occasional erections, even when they are neutered.

If your dog’s penis naturally becomes erected and visible for a period of time but then returns fully enclosed in the foreskin and everything else seems to be normal, you probably do not have anything to worry about in this case.

That being said, dogs will sometimes have persistent erections or cannot retract the penis into the foreskin due to hair surrounding the penis, neurological issues, prostate disease, or anatomical abnormalities.

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If the penis of your dog is discolored or the normally moist tissues covering it are drying out, take your dog to see a veterinarian immediately.

In these cases, difficulty with urination and permanent damage to the penis can occur without prompt treatment.


Is my dog’s penis swollen?

A dog’s penis swells during a normal erection. Enlargement of the Bulbus Glandis is particularly noticeable as it can cause sizeable bumps to form on either side of the base of your dog’s private part.

As long as a dog’s swollen private part returns to its normal size within an hour or so and the dog seems to be feeling fine otherwise, no veterinary treatment is needed.

But, if your dog’s private part remains enlarged for an extended period of time, or if you notice other troubling symptoms such as lethargy, poor appetite, discomfort, or abnormal discharge from the foreskin, you should call your veterinarian for advice.

Problems such as infections, injuries, and tumors can also make a dog’s penis look swollen.


What is the rash on my dog’s penis?

The skin-covered foreskin surrounding a dog’s penis can develop rashes, just like any other area of the body. Because the foreskin touches the ground every time a dog sits or lies down, it often comes in contact with certain irritations, allergens, and insects that could also bite.

Certain parasites or skin infections can also cause rashes on a dog’s foreskin.

Bathing your dog using cold water and a mild soap may help if your dog’s rash has developed due to contact with an allergen or irritant.

Severe rashes produce a significant amount of discomfort and persist for more than a day, or 2 should be evaluated by a vet.


What is this bump, lump, or growth on my dog’s penis?

It is usual for lumps to form on either side of the base of a dog’s penis during erection. These should disappear when the erection ends. Also, it is not uncommon to find nipples on the skin on either side of your dog’s private part.

Other lumps, bumps/growths that persist on or around a dog’s penis area are usually unexpected. They may be associated with injury, infection, foreign material within the foreskin, inflammation, cysts, or tumors.


There are many potential causes. In addition to:

1. Affects of the foreskin, including neoplasm (cancer), injury, foreign body, or inflammation of the penis/foreskin (balanoposthitis).

2. Defects of the urethra, including neoplasm, trauma, or stones (calculi).

3. Bladder defects, including infection, stones, inflammation, or neoplasm.

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4. Abnormality in the prostate, including prostate (prostatitis), neoplasm, enlargement (hyperplasia), infection, or inflammation of cyst or pus.

5. Bleeding disorders including platelet count (thrombocytopenia) or taking rat poison (coagulopathy)

6. Urinary incontinence (inability to hold urine) Ectopic ureter (abnormally positioned) or dysfunctional sphincter (tissue that acts as a port, regulating the release of urine)

5. The presence of foreskin discharge is most often from a mild and relatively harmless disorder to severe and fatal type disease (such as coagulopathy)


Should I be concerned about smegma?

Smegma can look like a cheese-like substance that can affect some people. However, there is usually nothing to worry about unless it is not smegma but a symptom of an infection. If a boy or man is uncircumcised, he will have a foreskin covering the head of the penis.


Dog Smegma and Infection Symptoms

  • Spotting
  • Could be swelling or inflammation associated with the prepuce/penis
  • Excessive licking on penis
  • Any other discharge
  • Lethargy
  • Sudden Fever
  • Lack of appetite in a dog


Is Smegma Problematic?

Dog smegma can sometimes be a sign of more severe problems; Look for foul-smelling leaks, bladder swelling, excessive licking, or dripping.

Even if we mistake some severe problems as normal smegma, the consequences will also be severe.

Any of these features could indicate the following:

  • A urinary tract infection or inflammation of the bladder.
  • Bacterial Infections.
  • Tumors, injury, or stones in the urine.
  • Allergies that affect the skin.
  • Reproductive health problems.
  • Inflamed penis.
  • External injuries.
  • Prostate disorders.




Your Dog Smegma Treatment

In most cases, smegma does not require any form of treatment. However, suppose your dog is constantly licking his genitals or has a heavy discharge. In that case, you should always have your dog tested by your veterinarian, who will also do the following set of actions:

  • He will help get a complete physical examination for your pet and include a full and thorough examination report of your dog’s genitals area.
  • He will also perform screening tests, including a complete blood count, to determine infection or inflammation.
  • Take a discharge specimen for cytology (cell) and bacterial culture.
  • Your veterinarian will review X-rays of your dog’s abdomen for prostate abnormalities.
  • He will also perform an ultrasound to examine your dog’s abdomen more thoroughly.
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How to Clean Dog Smegma by at home

Please always note that observation and cleanliness are crucial before you start cleaning the dog smegma.

This is basically considered an accumulation of bad things around his penis. In general, a very healthy dog that takes timely baths and maintains hygiene will have less chance of having these problems.

No unique cleaning method has been discovered here, but; here are some things you can do to clean your dog’s sensitive parts.


  • It’s suitable to use soft or surgical gloves for your hands so that any bacteria or any infections may be out of reach for your hands and body if any bacteria or any infections may be out of reach.
  • Take a damp cotton cloth to clean the overflowing smegma area from the bottom.
  • Use puppy wipes if they available at your disposal to clean the affected area, or you can also use baby wipes.
  • Remember to take a bowl full of lukewarm water to clean the area gently, and the dog may even feel better if lukewarm water is poured.
  • In the case of males, gently push back the sheath to expose the penis. For females, pull back the vaginal folds. Use your best option (regular damp cloth, puppy wipe, or warm salt water) to remove the overflowing smegma.
  • Rinse your genitals thoroughly, but make sure no chemicals or soaps get into your private parts.
  • Gently dry the area (use a clean or special cloth)


When does Dog Smegma Stop?

Smegma dog is actually good, especially during intercourse; smegma acts as a lubricant for regular intercourse and should not really stop completely.

Keeping your dog neutered to reduce the amount of sigma it produces is the best way to avoid building smegma.

To prevent infection, some have found a supplement containing green tea, known for its antibacterial properties, which may be helpful as it is always best to seek medical treatment first and follow your veterinarian’s advice before offering any treatment.


Schedule an appointment with your vet if you have concerns about the health of your dog’s penis.


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